Is the weakening of muscle reflexes a sign of hyperglycemia? The weakening of muscle reflexes (for example, the patellar tendon reflex) in connection with hyperglycemia are considered the first signs of diabetic polyneuropathy, but acidosis as such also leads to a decrease in the speed of contraction of the muscles independently of the blood glucose level.
How do blood glucose levels rise in hyperglycemia?
In hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), the blood sugar level is elevated. Unlike hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), diabetic hyperglycemia develops gradually over several hours to days. As a result, the sharp rise is often not noticed at first, but only when the blood glucose levels have returned to normal.
What is the course of hyperglycemic derailment in type 2 diabetics?
In contrast, hyperglycemic derailment in type 2 diabetics progresses as hyperosmolar coma. Pathophysiologically, the two forms differ in the formation of ketones in type 1 diabetics, which is absent in type 2 diabetics due to residual secretion of insulin.
What complications can occur with diabetic disease?
The complications that can occur from an increase in blood glucose are diabetic ketoacidosis, which occurs predominantly in type 1 diabetes, and hyperosmolar dehydration syndrome, which occurs mostly in type 2 diabetes.
How does the blood sugar level rise above a healthy level?
If the blood glucose level rises above a healthy level, this is referred to as hyperglycemia. If the blood glucose level drops below the healthy normal value, this is called hypoglycemia.
What is severe hypoglycemia in type 1 diabetes?
Severe hypoglycemia (lowered blood glucose), especially in type 2 diabetes Diabetic ketoacidosis in type 1 diabetes An increase in blood glucose, as in type 1 diabetes, can lead to a severe derailment of metabolism, known as ketoacidosis, if left untreated.
Why is hypoglycemia harmful? Hypoglycemia is always harmful: studies show that dementia, stroke, blood pressure crises, cardiac arrhythmias or even sudden cardiac arrest can occur as a result of hypoglycemia. "This is one explanation for unexplained deaths in diabetics.
What is the risk for hypoglycemia in type 2 diabetes?
While in the past the risk of hypoglycemia in type 2 diabetics was often unrecognized, it is now clear that many people with type 2 diabetes are also at risk from hypoglycemia. Severe hypoglycemia occurs in up to 14% of patients (i.e., 150 000 per year) treated with sulfonylureas or insulin.
What is referred to as hypoglycemia or hypoglycemia?
Hypoglycemia is when blood glucose drops below 50mg/dl (= 2.7 mmol/l). A further distinction is made between mild hypoglycemia, which patients can treat themselves by taking in glucose, and severe hypoglycemia, in which outside help is required.
What is hypoglycemia in blood glucose levels? By definition, hypoglycemia occurs when blood glucose levels are below 40 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl), regardless of whether typical signs of hypoglycemia are present or not. At values between 40 and 50 mg/dl, hypoglycemia is present if there are simultaneously detectable disturbances of the
What are causes of hypoglycemia? Causes of hypoglycemia are, for example, increased physical activity, too much insulin or blood sugar-lowering tablets, too little food, but also increased alcohol consumption. Hypoglycemia is referred to in medicine as hypoglycemia and is often abbreviated as "hypo" in colloquial language.